Skip to main content

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Velopharynx: Clinical Findings in Patients with Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

Metagenomic next-generation sequencing in osteoarticular infections with a focus on pediatrics: current concepts and clinical applications

Thomas Sitzman, MD
Davinder Singh, MD
Jessica Williams, MS
Hamy Temkit, PhD


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the only imaging modality capable of directly visualizing the levator veli palatini (LVP) muscles: the primary muscles responsible for velopharyngeal closure during speech. MRI has been used to describe normal anatomy and physiology of the velopharynx in research studies, but there is limited experience with use of MRI in the clinical evaluation of patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI).

Learn More


Additional authors: please see study.

The views, opinions, and conclusions expressed herein are solely those of the authors. Reference to any specific commercial products, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by Phoenix Children’s.