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Prenatal Radiographic Evaluation of Congenital Transverse Limb Deficiencies

Metagenomic next-generation sequencing in osteoarticular infections with a focus on pediatrics: current concepts and clinical applications

Mohan V. Belthur, M.D., Luis F. Goncalves, M.D,


Congenital transverse deficiencies are horizontal deficiencies of the long bones that occur with a reported incidence as high as 0.38%. They can occur alone or represent a manifestation of various clinical syndromes. Diagnosis has traditionally comprised of conventional radiography and prenatal imaging studies. There has been much advancement regarding prenatal imaging modalities to allow for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. 

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Additional authors: Please see the study.